The Campaign Against the Docking of Dogs' Tails

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BACK TO NEWS PAGE        DOCKED BREEDS'  HEALTH INFORMATION          

1998>    PAIN - Recent research has shown that neonates are HYPERsensitive rather than HYPOsensitive as has been widely believed.  Neonates have an intact sensory central nervous system that does not have descending modular pathways that act as pain blocks seen in adults.  Research has also shown that the memory of neonatal pain can affect the animal in its adult life.  Symptoms include decreased pain threshold, anxiety, social disorders and aggression.    For FULL details link to:- Pain   See Photos

2002 HIP SCORES – USA  & BVA
An informal appraisal of the comparative hip scores from O.F.A. (Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals (USA)  and BVA (British Veterinary Association: as assessed by Dr. G. Keller , Chief of Veterinary Services at OFA:-


OFA                                                        BVA
Excellent                                                0-4 (no>3/hip)
Good                                                       5-10 (no>6/hip)
Fair                                                         11-18
Borderline                                             19-25
Mild dysplasia                                       26-35
Moderate dysplasia                              36-50
Severe dysplasia                                   51-106

 1/03 Recent articles by Wood and Lakhani (Animal Health Trust) show from an analysis of Labs. and Gordon Setters' BVA/KC hip scoring scheme that age of screening is important.  Also it seems to show that the score depends upon the month in which the dog was born.  In Lab/Rets. the hip score increases from the mean of 15 at 2 yr s of age to nearly 18 when done at 6 yrs old.  Dogs born between June and  October have a lower hip score than those born between November and May.
 HD – fairly good hips;  HD – borderline hip dysplasia; HD – serious hip dysplasia  (refers to each breed below)
Figure in brackets is breed average hip score.Try to find litters where parents' hip scores are lower than average

HEALTH CHECKS which should be carried out on parent dogs for the following “docked” breeds before a puppy is purchased.  (ALSO SEE Kennel Club website http://www.doggenetichealth.org/   Preferably buy from dogs which are kept in a domestic environment and not kennels as these should be better socialised and temperamentally more suited to their new family setting:-  Never buy from a puppy farm e.g. (where there are lots of different breeds  or pet store.
DOG BREED STANDARDS (with tails)  check these out for your breed before purchasing a puppy.
http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/index.asp?section=discoverdogs/ddframe.asp?mainpage=pastoral/p863.htm
 
03/04  The Kennel Club have launched  an Accredited Breeders' Scheme with a code of best practice.
Canine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329
EPILEPSY 10/05 - Research is being undertaken by Faculty of Veterinary Science, Liverpool University (&Manchester Univs)PO Box 147 Liverpool L69 3BX email a.dunne@liverpool.ac.uk   If you have a dog suffering from epilepsy please contact them.  You will need to send a blood sample and this can be from any excess blood taken for any other procedure at your Vets

KENNEL CLUB AFFIXES
can now be found on KC website  http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/    New ones will be added around 16th of each month.  Any queries or objections should be made to the KC within 4 weeks of the first display:- Specialist Business Team, The Kennel Club, 4a Alton House, Office Park, Gatehouse Way, Aylesbury. Bucks HP19 8XU  
If you are a breeder, Affix holder or have any dogs registered with the Kennel Club, please help them keep your details up to date.  Click here to download a form   http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk.forms/formsIndex.html
or call the KCon 0870 6066750.

We are starting to ask breeders if they would supply the following information (you will see the answers some breeders have given next to their names (if you as a member have applied to ADA for a list of breeders).  Double check for yourself by also asking:-
* 1 All litters undocked? 
* 1a If not, will a puppy will be left undocked on request? 
* 2 Litters are reared in domestic environment not kennels, barns etc.? 
* 3. Litters are KC registered? 
* 3a DNA done? 
* 4 All tests relative to breed carried out on parent dogs and KC certificates available for viewing by perspective purchasers? 
*5 Any known inherited genetic health problems in ancestry? 
If Yes please state (include torsion) …………………………………………..
6 Do you provide a contract with the sale of your puppies? 
Does your contract provide either/both the following?:-
* 6a As the breeder, do you undertake to rehome/or help to rehome a puppy/dog you have bred? 
*6b Buyer signs to promise not to have the puppy docked except for truly therapeutic reasons 
*7 Litters are mircrochipped/tattooed? 
* 8 Puppies are wormed ?
* 8a Does the puppy come with puppy pack of information leaflet(s), pedigree, KC registration documents, photos of parent dogs and the next 48 hours of food?
* 9 After sales advice given. Yes/No?*


  ** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
Some of the following are incomplete and will be gradually up-dated as information becomes available.  

                                                                    AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD DOG 
                                                    
        
KC registrations: 1993=0; 94=315; 95=102; 96=69; 97=32; 98=68; 99=65; 2000=52; 01=87; 02=84; 03=84; 04=66
HD average 10
Eye problem under investigationSome have tailless gene
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; cleft palate; Collie eye anomaly; deafness; dwarfism; hip dysplasia; hypothyroidism; microphthalmia; multiple colobomata;  osteo chondritis dissecans; osteo chondrosis; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; retinal dysplasia; spina bifida; umbilical hernia; vitiligo; Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada-like syndrome; Von Willebrand's disease.

                                                                       BOUVIER DES FLANDRES
                                                                     
      K
C registrations: 1993=156; 94=176; 95=115; 96=193; 97=187; 98=183; 99=137; 2000=117; 01=137; 02=103;03=126; 04=132
HD average 18
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; cleft palate; cystic ovaries; dystocia; ectropion; endometritis; entropion; gastric torsion; glaucoma; hip dysplasia; hypothyroidism; psteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; umbilical hernia;  Von Willebrands disease

                                                                                   BOXER
                                            
KC registrations: 1993=8139; 94=8360; 95=9406; 96=9827; 97=10993; 98=9612; 99=9894; 2000=10573; 01=9034; 02=8916; 03=9542; 04=9689
HD average 16 Serious heart problems Some deafness in whites Gastric Torsion
Dr. Malcolm Willis says that the Boxer can have several heart problems probably inherited but mode of inheritance not established. Includes patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) pulmonic stenosis, subaortic stenosis, tetralogy of fallot and cardiomyopathy. Most involve malformation of heart either as a foetal condition that persists or a malformation that is congenital. Several of them can cause death. Cardiomyopathy is possibly polygenic trait and is graded into categories; it involves muscle weakness of the heart and in extreme causes weakness and sudden death. Heart testing is recommended but seemingly normal dogs may pass on the condition.
Several foetal eye problems can persist after birth including hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) due to failure of hyaloid artery to regress and persistent papillary membrances (PPM) in which blood vessels in the anterior chamber fail to regress. Breed can have progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) which is recessive also can have glaucoma which may lead to blindness. Cataracts also and entropion and ectropion (in-turned and out-turned eyelids)
Epilepsy - primary or idiopathic epilepsy is almost certainly a polygenic trait. Progressive axonopathy (PA) is brought about by swelling of the axons (nerve fibres) in the brain first seen as ataxia (hindlimb abnormal movement) which can progress to paraplegia. It is known to be a simple autosomal recessive and carrier animals are known. PA does sometimes still occur in the breed bit is now rare due to work done in 1980s.
Cancer - mast cell cancer but more likely mammary cancer usually in later age say 9years+. Skin diseases - dermoid sinus (cysts extending from the spinal cord to the skin) death can result. Ehlers Danlos syndrome - dog has excessive skin of fragile nature; mode of inheritance unclear. Hernias - umbilical hernias are probably inherited as a threshold trait, they present few if any problems unless very large. Alimentary system - Gastric dilation volvulus (bloat) genetics unclear. Megaoesophagus when dog is sick from about 5 weeks of ag4e or earlier; not to be confused with pyloric stenosis which is an opening between stomach and duodenum constricting food leading to vomiting, failure to eat and rapid weight loss. Skeletal problems - Not enough Boxers are being presented for hip scoring as breeders believe it is not a problem. However it sits currently in one position worse than the Bernese Mountain Dog. The current average is 15.97 out of ONLY 316 dogs scored. The Bernese KC register 800 dogs annually and Boxers ten times that amount so they need more scoring! Spondylosis caused by the abnormal fusion of vertebrae. Wobbler syndrome caused by constriction of neck vertebrae. Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the shoulder and stifle is known and some pups are born with spina bifida and others with cleft palate
Other defects - As with most short skulled breeds (brachycephalic) dental problems are not rare and the selection of broad heads for breeding can account for extra incisors in upper jaw with sometimes 7 or 8 rather than stipulated 6. Cryptorchidism (undescended testicle(s) is common.


** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Abnormal dentition; acne; allergies; atopy; atrial septal defect; cardiomyopathy; cataract; corneal ulcer; cutaneous asthenia; cystinuria; demodicosis; dermoid cyst; distichiasis; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome; endocardial fibroelastosis; entropion; Oesophageal dilatation; Eversion of nictitating membrane; Factor II deficiency or Hypoprothrombinaemia; Factor VIII deficiency or Haemophilia A; Gingival-hyperplasia; granulomatous colitis; Hepatic Portosystemic shunt or Arteriovenous fistula; histiocytoma; hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing's disease; Hypothyroidism;  Lymphocytic thyroiditis; Mastocytoma; Ostechondritis Dissecans; Osteochondrosis; Pododermatitis; Progressive retinal atrophy; Sertoli cell tumour; Spondylosis; Squamous cell carcinoma; sternal callus; Subaortic stenosis; Syncope; Thyroiditis; Ulcerative keratitis; Vaginal hyperplasia; Von Willebrand's Disease.

                                                           
CORGI WELSH  (CARDIGAN)
KC registrations: 1993=86; 94=107; 95=102; 96=95; 97=98; 98=83; 99=79; 2000=77; 01=50; 02=56;03=74; 04=76
Parents should be eye tested
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Combined immuno deficiency; cystinuria; dystocia; entropion; glaucoma; intervertebral disc disease; lens luxation; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia

                                                                        CORGI WELSH (PEMBROKE)
                                                                    

KC registrations: 1993=1274; 94=1036; 95=941; 96=841; 97=812; 98=627; 99=606; 2000=647; 01=601; 02=518;03=559; 04=618

No problems known to breeders. Some have tailless gene
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; cervical disc disease; corneal dystrophy; cutaneous asthenia; cystinuria; dystosia; epilepsy; hypothyroidism; lens luxation; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia; Von Willebrand's diseaseCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                                DOBERMANN
                                                                   
2/2005 Dobermann heart study being carried out by Liverpool University Vets. Tel Carol Smith 0115 932 1698
KC registrations: 1993=1956; 94=2183; 95=2368; 96=2542; 97=2921; 98=2906;  99=2904; 2000=3918; 01=3037; 02=2706; 03=3171; 04=3341
HD average 10 Parents and pups should be eye tested Von Willebrands disease; Wobbler syndrome; Torsion
Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) :- Partial albinism can occur and in recent years white Dobes have been born; vitiligo panosteitis but most grow out of it; fragmented coronoid process in elbow presumed polygenic; hemivertebra; patella luxation; wobbler syndrome; hip dysplasia – up to 21/1/03 853 Dobes have been scored with range 0-70 – mean score 10.32 median value 9; dilated cardiomyopathy; right ventrical failure (atrial septal defect);mitral valve defect/mitral stenosis; tricuspid valve dysplasia; persistent right aortic arch in which a foetal aortic blood vessel does not atrophy -  this leads to vomiting in very young puppies – can be confused with megaoesophagus; von Willebrand's; cataracts; microphthalmia; persistent papillary membranes; progressive retinal atrophy; entropion; bloat; myopathies eg distal polygenicneuropathy “dancing Dobermann disease”; cancer histiocytosis;  “show  traits”:- overshot and undershot bites; missing teeth; retained testicles.
 ** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Abnormal copper metabolism; abnormal dentition; acanthosis nigricans; acne; acral lick dermatitis; behavioural abnormalities; bundle of Hiss degeneration; cardio myopathy; cataract; cervical vertebral malformation or instability; ciliary dyskinesia; coloboma; colour mutant alopaecia; copper storage abnormality in liver; cranio mandibular osteopathy; demodichosis; entropion; eosinophilic panosteitis; Factor VIII deficiency or Haemophilia A; flank sucking; folliculitis; granulocyte disfunction or adhesion defect; haemangiosarcoma; haemolytic anaemia; haemophilia A; hip dysplasia; hypo pigmentation lips and nose; hypothyroidism; immuno globulin M deficiency; intervertebral disc disease; kidney aplasia unilateral/renal agenesis; lymphocytic thyroiditis; microphthalmia;  narcolepsy; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; panosteitis; persistent right aortic arch; persistent pupillary membrane; pododermatitis; polyostotoic fibrous dysplasia; progressive retinal atrophy; renal cortical hypoplasia; renal dysplasia; renal hypoplasia; retinal dysplasia; spondylolisthesis (Wobblers syndrome); syncope; thyroiditis; vitiligo; Von Willebrands disease.  NB  The Kennel Club and Dobermann Breed Council have jointly established a new DNA testing scheme for vWD (von Wilebrabd's disease) with a Finnish biotechnology company called Finnzyme.  The KC will arrange a monthly collection of samples that will be sent off in one posting and analysed.  Each test will be Î90 (approx £59) payment by credit card only.  To obtain further information or to apply for testing kits contact Dr. Jeff Sampson The Kennel Club Clarges Street, Piccadilly London W1J 8AB or email jsampson@the-kennel-club.org.uk

GRIFFON BRUXELLOIS
KC registrations: 1993=193; 94=196; 95=222; 96=163; 97=208; 98=178; 99=185; 2000=146; 01=141; 02=141;03=192; 04=172
Patella problems Eye problem under investigation
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

* *Aberrant cilia; cataract; distichiasis; progressive retinal atrophy; short skull; shoulder abnormalities

                                                      HUNGARIAN  VIZSLA (not docked in Hungary)
                                                                    
KC registrations: 1993=323; 94=385; 95=340; 96=458; 97=504; 98=528; 99=567; 2000=578; 01=502; 02=731;03=773;
HD average 13
Eye problem under investigation.  Torsion?** =
Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Cataract; craniomandibular osteopathy; demodicosis; entropion; epilepsy; facial nerve paralysis; Factor XIII deficiency/Haemophilia A; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; haemangiosarcoma; haemophilia A; hip dysplasia; hypo pigmentation, lips and nose; hypothyroidism; lymphosarcoma; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; progressive retinal atrophy; sebaceous adenitis; spinal dysraphism; sterile pyogranuloma syndrome; syringomyelia; umbilical hernia; undershot jaw; vasculitisCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329    

HUNGARIAN VIZSLA (WIRE-HAIRED)
KC registrations: 1993=2; 94=21; 95=16; 96=35; 97=41; 98=33; 99=84; 2000=87; 01=123; 02=72;03=157
Eye problem under investigation. Breeders recommend hip testing.  Torsion?

                                                                  ITALIAN SPINONE
                                                     
KC registrations: 1993=263; 94=311; 95=420; 96=336; 97=472; 98=302; 99=274; 2000=405; 01=276; 02=379;03=325; 04=293
HD average 15 Cerebellar Ataxia; hip dysplasia; osteochondritis; (Elbow problems); bloat/torsion; ear problems ?pseudomonas
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs - The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Eclampsia; entropion.

                                                                   MASTIFF NEAPOLITAN
                                                       

KC registrations: 1993=173; 94=231; 95=275; 96=403; 97=407; 98=443; 99=524; 2000=474; 01=356; 02=333;03=317; 04=295
Hip and shoulder problems
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; dermoid cyst; ectropion; entropion; hip dysplasia; hypertrophic osteodystrophy; hypothyroidism; osteo chondritis dissecans; persistent papillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy

                                                             LARGE MUNSTERLANDER (hardly ever docked now)
                                                                 
KC registrations: 1993=108; 94=122; 95=99; 96=119; 97=110; 98=104; 99=97; 2000=106; 01-147; 02=153;03=147; 04=165
HD Average 14 ( 2002 Best score 0 and worst score 88 in UK)Parents should be eye tested ?TorsionMalcolm Willis, Dogs Today Hepatitis - symptoms include weight loss and vomiting possibly acquired and not inherited.  Cataracts recorded but thought to be of a polygenic nature although could be a dominant gene.  Breed has renal problem where excessive  amino acid cystine is excreted via the urine.  May cause kidney stones not known whether genetic.

                                                                                 PINSCHER MINIATURE
                                                                       
KC registrations:  1993=189; 94=145; 95=170; 96=161; 97=197; 98=160; 99=161; 2000=156; 01=176; 02=181;03=170; 04=188
Slipping patella
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; corneal dystrophy; dislocation of shoulder; entropion; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; inguinal hernia; keratitis sicca; keratoma conjunctivitis sicca; Legg-Perthes disease; pannus; progressive retinal atrophy; sebaceous adenitis.

                                                                         GERMAN PINSCHER
                                                               Has anyone got an undocked photo?

KC registrations: 95=31; 96=21; 97=43; 98=21; 99=23; 00=12; 01=30; 2002=20; 03=20; 04=19

                                                         POINTER GERMAN SHORT-HAIRED
          
KC registrations: 1993=1016; 94=1175; 95=1146; 96=1321; 97=1333; 98=1418; 99=1154; 2000=1403; 01=1217; 02=1348;03=1406; 04=1448
HD average 10 Torsion?
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Acral mutilation; Addison's disease (hypoadrenocorticism); cataract; corneal dystrophy; entropion; eversion of nictitating membrane; familial amaurotic idiocy; fibrosarcoma; hip dysplasia; hypoadrenocorticism; hypothyroidism; juvenile amaurotic idiocy; lipidosis; lymphoedema; lysomal storage disease; melanoma; neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; pannus; progressive retinal atrophy; subaortic stenosis; thrombocytopathy; Von Willebrands disease.

                                                                 POINTER GERMAN WIRE-HAIRED
                                                                   Has anyone got an undocked photo?
KC registrations:  1993=208; 94=222; 95=254; 96=260; 97=289; 98=297; 99=277; 2000=368; 01=313; 02=396;03=413; 04=420
HD average 11 some entropion and skin problems Torsion?
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; entropion; hip dysplasia; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; retinal dysplasia; subcutaneous cysts; Von Willebrands disease

                                                               POODLE MINIATURE
                 
KC registrations: 1993=1287; 94=2298; 95=1378; 96=1338; 97=1130; 98=1114; 99=994; 2000=1024; 01=914; 02=741;03=897; 04=849
Parents should be eye tested
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
* *Achondroplasia; allergies; atopy; basal cell tumour; behavioural abnormalities; cataract; cerebro spinal demyelination; deafness; dermatitis atopic;  distichiasis; ectodermal defects; ectopic ureters; entropion; epilepsy; epiphora; epiphyseal dysplasia; Facto VIII deficiency of haemophilia A; glaucoma; globoid cell leukodystrophy; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; Hemeralopia; haemophilia A; hyperadrenocorticism or Cushings disease; hyposomatotropism; hypothyroidism; intervertebral disc disease; iris atrophy; lacrimal duct atresia; lysosomal storage disease;  microphthalmia; myasthenia gravis; optic nerve hypoplaasia; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; osteogenesis imperfecta; otitis externa; pannus; patellar luxation; patent ductus arteriosis; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; sebaceous gland tumour; squamous cell carcinoma; ventricular septal defect; Von Willenbrand's diseaseCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                     POODLE  STANDARD
 
KC registrations: 1993=1374; 94=1391; 95=1584; 96=1436; 97=1378; 98=1307; 99=1166; 2000=1084; 01=1067; 02=976;03=1116; 04=1055
HD average 15   Parents should be eye tested Addison's disease.
Von Willebrands disease
Torsion?
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Allergies; Atopic Dermatitis; Atopy; Behavioural abnormalities; bloat; Cataract;  Colour Mutant Alopecia;  Dermatitis atopic; Distichiasis; Entropion; Epilepsy; Epiphora; Factor VIII deficiency or haemophilia; Factor XII deficiency; Glaucoma; Granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; Hemeralopia; Haemalytic Anaemia;  Haemaphilia A; Hip dysplasia; Hypoadrenocorticism; Hypothyroidism; Iris Atrophy; Lacrimal duct atresia; Lens Luxation; Microphthalmia; Optic Nerve Hypoplasia; Osteochondritis Dissecans; Osteochondrosis; Osteogenesis Imperfecta;  Pannus; Persistent Pupillary Membrane; Progressive Retinal Atrophy; Retinal Detachment; Sebaceous adenitis; Thrombocytopenia.Canine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329  

                                                                              POODLE  TOY
                                                                
KC registrations: 1993=2614; 94=2248; 95=2304; 96=2076; 97=1895; 98=1729; 99=1641; 2000=1581; 01=1329; 02=1172;03=1354; 04=1305
Parents should be eye tested Slipping patella
**= Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Achondroplasia; allergies; atopy; basal cell tumour; behavioural abnormalities; cataract; cerebrospinal dymelination; deafness; dermatitis atopic; distichiasis; ectodermal defects; ectopic ureters; entropion; epilepsy; epiphora; epiphyseal dysplasia; Factor VIII deficiency or Haemophilia A; Factor XII deficiency; glaucoma; globoid cell leukodystrophy; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; hemeralopia; haemolytic anemia; haemphilia A; hepatic porto systemic shunt or arterio venous fistula; hyperadrenocorticism or  Cushings disease; hyposomatotropism; hypothyroidism; intervertebral disc disease; iris atrophy; lacrimal duct atresia; lysomal storage disease; microphthalmia; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; osteogenesis imperfecta; otitis externa; pannus; patellar luxation; patent ductus arteriosis; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; sebaceous gland tumour; squamous cell carcinoma; ventricular septal defect; Von Willebrand's diseaseCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                       ROTTWEILER
 
KC registrations: 1993=2456; 94=3070; 95=3597; 96=4148; 97=4561; 98=4954; 99=5306; 2000=5226; 01=5587; 02=5802;03=6369; 04=6726
HD average 13           OCD Parents and pups should be eye tested. Dermoid sinus. Torsion.Rottweiler Welfare Association - Sponsor a dog - membership forms 01344 459786 or 0208 310 4422 or 0208 764 1797
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Addison's disease; behavioural abnormalities; cataract; diabetes mellitus; distichiasis; ectropion; elbow dysplasia; entropion; eosinophilic panosteitis; folliculitis; fragmented coronoid process; haemolytic anaemia; hip dysplasia; hypoadrenocorticism; hypo-pigmentation lips and nose; hypothyroidism; interstinal malabsorption ; lymphocyticthyroiditis; panosteitis; perisistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; retinal dysplasia; sub-aortic stenosis; thrombocytopenia; thyroiditis; vasculitis; vitiligo; Von Willebrand's disease

                                                                              SCHIPPERKE
                      
KC registrations: 95=110; 96=155; 97=120; 98=97; 99=125; 00=146; 01=112; 02=100; 03=104; 04=77
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs - The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
** cataract; diabetes mellitus; distichiasis; entropion; hypothyroidism; Legge-Perthes disease; narrow palpebral fissure; Pemphigus foliaceous; persistent papillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy

                                                                              SCHNAUZER GIANT
                                                     
KC registrations: 1993=229; 94=297; 95=259; 96=284; 97=255; 98=242;  99=334; 2000=269; 01=179; 02=258;03=259; 04=339
HD average 14; hereditary cataract wef 2004
population size around 2,330
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Cataract; eosinophilic panosteitis; glaucoma; haemolytic anaemia; hip dysplasia; hypertrophic osteodystrophy; hypothyroidism; lymphocytic thyroiditis; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochrondosis; panosteitis; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; retinal dysplasia; seborrhoea; thrombocytopaenia; thyroiditis; ventricular septal defect.

                                                      SCHNAUZER MINIATURE
                                           

KC registrations: 1993=2034; 94=2087; 95=2382; 96=2526; 97=2504; 98=2559; 99=2202; 2000=2399; 01=2351; 02=2607;03=2873; 04=3347
Population size around 32,000
Parents and puppies should be eye tested for cataracts; collie eye anomaly; lens luxation; microphthalmia; recessive Malcolm Willis, Dogs Today: Progressive Retinal Atrophy; Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous; Persistent Pupikkary Membrane. Possible defects:- Overshot/undershot mouth; missing teeth; undescended testicles; hypothyroidism; megaoesophagus syndrome; blood-factor VII deficiency; haemophilia A; von Willebrand Disease; familial stomatocytosis; pulmonic stenosis;  subaortic stenosis; tetralogy of fallot ; Legg Perthes Disease; can develop hip dysplasia but few dogs examined (range 4 to 32 mean 13.14); patella luxation; panosteitis; diabetes; epilepsy; porto-systemic shunts; x-linked muscular myopathy.
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Allergies; atopy; cataract;  cystitis and cystic calculi; distichiasis;   entropion; oesophageal achalasia;   Haemorrhagic gastro enteritis; haemolytic anaemia;   hepatic port-systemic shunt or arterio venus fistula; hepatic lipidosis; hypercholesterolemia; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; pseudo hermaphroditism;  renal dysplasia; Schnauzer Comedo syndrome; sinoatrial syncopy; subcorneal pustular dermatosis; throbocytopaenia
.


                                                                        SCHNAUZER STANDARD
                                                                     
KC reg:- 95=260; 96=241; 97=287; 98=301; 99=213; 00=315; 01=364; 2002=372; 03=383; 04=347
Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says:- Mean hip score of the 25!!!! only xrayed = 22.80 - worst score being 70!! population size around 2,330
Cataracts - posterior nuclear cortical are seen early in life and posterior subcapsular from 12 months or even to 6 years - inheritance suspected but not proven. Eye testing crucial. Abnormal retinal folds which might be autosomal recessive trait. Can have minimal effect or lead to faulty development and sight problems. Mouth - overshot and undershot jaws can occur sometimes affecting teeth placement possibly polygenic and complex but missing teeth such as premolars are likely inherited as autosomal recessive for each tooth. Hypothyroidism and pulmonic stenosis . The latter is a narrowing of the pulmonary artery attached to the heart which can cause heart murmurs and enlargement of the right side of the heart. The lack of other problems may be attached to a minority breed and lack of reporting compared to that of say the Miniature

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
** atresia of nasolacrimal punctae; cataract; conjunctivitis; factor VIII deficiency/haemophilia A; haemophilia A; hypothyroidism; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis; perianal adenoma; pulmonic stenosis; retinal dysplasia; von Willebrands disease  

                                                           SHEEPDOG – OLD ENGLISH
 
KC registrations: 1993=1721; 94=1505; 95=1552; 96=1385; 97=1269; 98=959; 99=988; 2000=759; 01=763; 02=620; 03=729; 04=603 HD average 21 Parents should be eye tested; Torsion; Umbilical herniae; skin problems; entropion; ectropion Malcolm Willis says elbow dysplasia particularly luxation of the radius at upper end of bone may well be inherited at a relatively high level. 1,395 dogs by 2004 hip scored average = 19.68; advises not to breed above 30; since 1995 there has been a decline in submissions leaving the breed open to risk as it ranks high on hip dysplasia. Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) usual onset about 4yrs old believed to be inherited as simple recessive. Early onset congenital hereditary cataracts. Second type cataract later in onset but no earlier than 9 months, inheritance unknown. Multiple ocular defects which may include cataracts, persistent pupillary membranes, retinal defects and small eyes - mostly seen from birth, genetics currently unknown. Blood - can suffer from haemophilia B (Christmas disease) - sex linked but rarer than haemophilia A - affects factor IX not VIII (as in Haemophilia A). Almost always affects males. Immune-mediated thrombocytopaenia fairly common and leads to immune system attacking blood platelets. Inheritance unclear. Haemolytic anaemia can affect middle-aged dogs and some younger, causes mild to severe anaemia though some respond to treatment - inheritace unclear. Cancers - sweat gland tumours and higher than normal brain tumours usually in older dogs (9+). Nasal cavity carcinomas often older dogs - inheritance unknown. Other conditions:- dilated cardiomyopathy where heart has larger chamber size, a thinner heart wall and reduced heartbeat power - may be genetic but not so in all cases. Testicular descent (cryptorchidism) and also dental problems possibly related to complex genetic basis. Hypothyroidism.
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs - The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Addison's Disease; Cataract; Demodicosis; Distichiasis; Entropion; Factor X deficiency; Folliculitis; Granulomatous sebaceous Adenitis; Haemolytic Anaemia; Haemophilia B; Hip Dysplasia; Hypoadrenocorticism; Hypopigmentation lip and nose; Hypothyroidism; Intestinal Malabsorbtiuon; Lymphocytic thyroiditis; Osteochondritis dissecans; Osteochondrosis; Pododermatitis; Progressive retinal atrophy; Retinal detachment; Retinal dysplasia; Sebaceous adenitis; Spondyiolisthesis (Wobbler's Syndrome); Thrombocytopenia; Thyroiditis;Vitiligo; von Willebrand's Disease

                                              SHEEPDOG  - POLISH LOWLAND
                                                  
KC registrations: 1993=112; 94=83; 95=80; 96=84; 97=86; 98=69; 99=62; 2000=70; 01=42; 02=68;03=35; 04=37
HD average 17 Eye problem under investigation  Some have tailless gene

                                                              SHEEPDOG PYRENEAN
                                                    
KC registrations: 1993=14; 94=11; 95=8; 96=13; 97=22; 98=19; 99=19; 2000=10; 01=28; 02=7;03=35; 04=34
No problems known to breeders Some have tailless gene

                                                            SPANIEL  -  AMERICAN COCKER
                                                          
KC registrations: 1993=409; 94=389; 95=361;  96= 489; 97=442; 98=465; 99=543; 2000=610; 01=512; 02=503;03=549; 04=599
Parents should be eye tested
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Abherent cilia; allergies; anasarca; apocrine gland tumour; basal cell tumour; behavioural abnormalities; cataract; cataract with microphthalmia; cleft lip; cleft palate; corneal dystrophy; cranioschisis; cutaneous asthenia; cyclic nutropaenia; distichiasis; ectropion; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome; elbow dysplasia; entropion; eoidermoid cyst; epilepsy; factor VIII deficiency or haemophilia type A; Factor X deficiency; glaucoma; haemolytic anaemia; haemophilia A; haemophilia B; hip dysplasia; hydrocephalus; hypothyroidism; inguinal hernia; intervertebral disc disease; keratitis sicca; kerato conjunctivitis sicca; lens luxation; lip fold dermatitis; lysomal storage disease; melanoma; osteo chondritis dissecans; osteo chondrosis; otitis externa;  overshot jaw; patellar  luxation; patent ductus arteriosus; perianal gland tumour; persistent pupillary membrane; primary peripheral retinal dystrophy; progressive retinal atrophy; renal cortical hypoplasia; retinal dysplasia; sebaceous gland tumour; seborrhoea; skin neoplasms; tail abnormalities; umbilical hernia; undershot jaw; ununited anconeal process; Von Willebrands diseaseCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                               SPANIEL - BRITTANY
                                                                            has anyone got a nice photo?
KC registrations: 1993=87; 94=160; 95=153; 96=134; 97=111; 98=143; 99=125; 2000=150; 01=103; 02=98; 03=105; 04=150
HD average 18
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Cataract; cleft palate; complement deficiency; distichiasis; Factor VIII deficiency or haemophilia A; Haemophilia A; hereditary nephritis (Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy); lens luxation; osteochondritis dissecans; osteochondrosis;  progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia

                                         SPANIEL -  CAVALIER KING CHARLES (rarely docked now!)
        
KC registrations: 1993=13705; 94=13772; 95=14449; 96=13941; 97=13022; 98=12702; 99=11577; 2000=11415; 01=10309; 02=9984; 03=10614; 04=10,733
HD average 17 Heart testing recommended. Parents and puppies should be eye tested; syringomyelia
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Cardio myopathy; cataract; corneal dystrophy; diabetes mellitus; distichiasis; entropion; hypothyroidism; keratitis sicca; microphthalmia; patellar luxation; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia; thrombocytopaenia; EPILEPSY – If you have experienced epilepsy in Cavaliers please contact  Bet  Hargreaves  who is researching the condition 1 Boat Road, Thankerton , Biggar.  ML12 6NUCanine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                                   SPANIEL  - CLUMBER
                                                                                 Has anyone got a nice photo ?
KC registrations: 1993=207; 94=223; 95=219; 96=142; 97=166; 98=127; 99=105; 2000=150; 01=111; 02=170;03=134; 04=158
HD average 43 Some eyelash and eyelid problems. Torsion?
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Ectropion; entropion; hip dysplasia; teeth abnormalities; undershot jaw; uterine inertia primary  

 `                                                                                   SPANIEL  -  COCKER

                                                                                                                        
Working TypeCocker
KC registrations: 1993=13002; 94=12808; 95=14437; 96=14468; 97=14541; 98=14117; 99=13378; 2000=13445; 01=12680; 02=13417;03=14832; 04=16,608
HD average 14.85 Parents should be eye testedMalcolm Willis says: EYES PRA probably recessive genetic trait; lens luxation probably autosomal recessive; recessive cataract which can be identified from birth as can later ones; glaucoma primary or secondary – primary cab lead to blindness and is known in 2 forms; retinal dysplasia in which abnormal retinal folds develop, in extreme can bring blindness' entropion; ectropion. Circulation – cardiomyopathy may be inherited; narrowing of pulmonary artery where it attaches to heart causing heart murmurs and enlargement of right side of heart, this is known as pulmonic stenosis – may be inherited as polygenic trait; haemophilia A and B both sex-linked recessive genes on X chromosome, both rare conditions which tend to occur in the male.  Haemophilia A is problem with Factor VIII, Haemophiliaaa B with Factor IX. An even rarer condition is Factor II which causes mild gum bleeds in puppies and bruising in adults.  Skeletal problems – luxating patellas usually knee cap turns inwards, may be polygenic trait; hip dusplasia – about one third score <10 - 70% score <15 and 6% 30> and less than 2% 50>  Other problems – Vestibular disease, symptoms include head tilt, loss of balance, circling, staggering gait.  Impression is an ear problem but probably recessive autosomal trait.  Serious kidney disease appears to be recessive genetic trait – there is a size reduction of the kidneys leading to death in some casesSome solid gold colours have had ‘rage  syndrome'; reputable breeders have virtually eliminated the problem.

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights – California
 **Cataract; Cryptorchidism; Distichiasis; Ectropion; Entropion; Factor II deficiency or hypoprothrombinaemia; Glaucoma; Haemaphilia A; Hermaphroditism; Hypothyroidism;  Juvenile amaurotic idiocy; lens luxation;  Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis;  Osteochondritis dissecans;  Osteochondrosis;  Patent ductus arteriosis; Persistent  pupillary membrane; Progressive retinal atrophy; pseudohermaphrodism; Retinal dysplasia; swimmer puppies; Von Willewbrand's Disease  

Spaniel shoulder bag fully lined from The Northumbria Collection 16” x 13” £24.99 (04/02)  can be purchased from Dogs Today 01276 858880Check ears once a week – Bio-Groom Ear Fresh Astringent Powder £5.25 use once or twice a month.
Snood for keeping ears protected £5 89 from Dogs Today 01276 858880
Breed Tail Standard:-
Set on slightly lower than line of back. Must be merry in action and carried level, never cocked up. Customarily docked.
Undocked: Slightly curved, of moderate length, proportionate to size of body giving an overall balanced appearance; ideally not reaching below the hock. Strong at the root and tapering to a fine tip; well feathered in keeping with the coat. Lively in action, carried on a plane not higher than level of back and never so low as to indicate timidity.
Docked: Never too short to hide, nor too long to interfere with, the incessant merry action when working.

                                                              SPANIEL  - ENCLISH SPRINGER
    
                                                                                                                                                                                               English Springers in Australian bush
KC registrations: 1993=11148; 94=11904; 95=12768; 96=14099; 97=13869; 98=12741; 99=12409; 2000=12599; 01=11892= 02=12431;03=13884; 04=14765
HD Average 14 Parents and pups should be eye tested

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Addisons disease; allergies; anasarca; apocrine tunour; basal cell tumour; behavioural abnormalities; cataract; cataract with microphthalmia; cleft lip; cleft palate; coloboma; corneal dystrophy; cranioschisis; cutaneous asthenia; distichiasis; ectropion; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome; elbow dysplasia; entropion; epidermoid cyst; epilepsy; Factor VIII deficiency/haemophilia A; Fact X deficiency; Factor XI deficiency; glaucoma; haemolytic anaemia; haemophilia A; haemophilia B; hp dysplasia; hydrocephalus; hypoadrenocorticism; hypomyelinogenesis; hypothyroidism; inguinal hernia; intervertebral disc disease; lipfold dermatitis; lysomal storage disease; melanoma; narcolepsy; optic nerve hypoplasia; osteochondritis dissecans; osteo chondrosis; otitis externa; overshot jaw; patellar luxation; patent ductus arteriosis; perianal gland tumour; persistent pupillary membrane; phosphofructokinase deficiency; primary peripheral retinal deficiency; progressive retinal atrophy; rage syndrome; renal cortical hypoplasia; retinal dysplasia; sebaceous gland tumour; seborrhoea; skin neoplasms; tail abnormalities; umbilical hernia; undershot jaw; ununited anconeal process; Von Willebrand's disease.Canine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                                  SPANIEL  -  FIELD
                                                                         Has anyone got a photo please ?
KC registrations: 1993=110; 94=97; 95=95; 96=134; 97=112; 98=72; 99=75; 2000=97; 01=73; 02=84;03=75; 04=86
HD average 5 Eye problem under investigation
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Anaesthetic idiosyncracy; cataract; hypothyroidism; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasia;

                                                    SPANIEL  -  KING CHARLES
                                   

KC registrations: 1993=265; 94=280; 95=361; 96=300; 97=267; 98=221; 99=221; 2000=185; 01=161; 02=150; 03=176; 04=157
No problems known to breeders.
Dr Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says:- Possible cleft palate leading to euthanasia. Rare defect patella luxation (kneecap twisted out of normal location) believed inherited. Possible hip dysplasia but no KCS has been hip scored. As it is short muzzled with a domed skull may be prone to hydrocephalus and emlargement of the head has been reported in the breed. Eyes - cataracts and retinal dysplasia have been reported abroad and likelihood of entropion. Heart and spinal defects - mitral and syringomyelia. Mitral valve disease (MVD) can cause coughing, lethargy and occasional collapse and death. Syringomyelia leads to cavities in the spinal cord which fill with fluid; dog may become paralysed at rear end or may stand very wide at the rear and scratching of the shoulder is very common. Probably inherited with a recessive autosomal explanation suspected but not proven. The heart condition patus ductus arteriosis (PDA) is found and possibly more common that MVD. Can lead to heart murmurs and sudden death probably inherited in a complex way. Other defects such as minor hernias. Cryptorchidism (one or both testicles not descending) is seen occasionally. Diabetes mellitus occurs on rare occasions and appears inherited and may prove to be a simple Mendelian trait.
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**cataract; cleft palate; corneal dystrophy; diabetes mellitus; entropion; hanging tongue; patellar luxation; retinal dysplasia; umbilical hernia

                                                                              SPANIEL  -  SUSSEX
                                                                            Has anyone got a photo?
KC registrations: 1993=138; 94=69; 95=107; 96=100; 97=82; 98=58; 99=89; 2000=98; 01=70; 02=82; 03=68; 04=79
HD average 38 Some eye problems
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cardiomyopathy; cataract; distichiasis; entropion; retinal dysplasia;

                                                                    SPANIEL  -  WELSH SPRINGER
                      
 
KC registrations: 95=611; 96=609; 97=465; 98=409; 99=522; 00=424; 01=360; 02=437; 03=362; 04=420HD = 14
Primary Epilepsy (disease, tumours, nutritional imbalances, certain poisons, teething in youngsters); Idiopathic epilepsy  (both inherited – usually more common in males than females.  Hereditary cataracts,  angle closure glaucoma, faulty bites, missing teeth, unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism; atopic dermatitis which can involve immune system.
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
** cataract; glaucoma; hip dysplasia; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy.Canine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329

                                                                                SWEDISH VALLHUND
                              
KC registrations: 1993=111; 94=57; 95=60; 96=68; 97=45; 98=65; 99=37; 2000=64; 01=33; 02=17; 03=40; 04=40
HD average 13

                                                                   TERRIER  -  AIREDALE
    

          docked and undocked Airedales

KC registrations: 1993=1050; 94=961; 95=1219; 96=1037;  97=1029; 98=1018;  99=810; 2000=1088; 01=848; 02=1054;03=855; 04=988
HD average 17
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Acral lick dermatitis; acute moist dermatitis; cerebellar hypoplasia; corneal dystrophy;  distichiasis; entropion; factor IX deficiency or haemaphilia; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; haemaphilia B; Hyposomatotropism; hypothyroidism; Immunoglobulin A deficiency; Narcolepsy; Pannus;  Progressive retinal atrophy;  retinal detachment;  retinal dysplasia;  Sebaceous Adenitis;  Trembling of the hind quarters; Umbilical herniae; von Willebrand's disease

                                                                TERRIER  -  AUSTRALIAN
                                           
KC registrations: 1993=62; 94=55; 95=38; 96=58; 97=36; 98=59; 99=52; 2000=46; 01=47; 02=34; 03=38; 04=60
No problems known to breeders

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Diabetes Mellitus; Legg-Perthes disease; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal dysplasis

                                                        TERRIER  -  AUSTRALIAN SILKY
                                                              anyone got a good photo?
KC registrations: 1993=11; 94=15; 95=19; 96=40; 97=26; 98=17; 99=32; 2000=31; 01=17; 02=23; 03=8; 04=19
No problems known to breeders
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
** cataract; crypptorchidism; diabetes mellitus;  hydrocephalus;  Legge-Perthes syndrome; lipidosis; lysomal storage disease; patellar luxation; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; thrombocytopaenia; tracheal collapse;

                                                            TERRIER  - FOX (SMOOTH)
                                                               Anyone got a good photo?
KC registration: 95=212; 96=204; 97=217; 98=216; 99=179; 00=234; 01=160; 2002=167; 03=226; 04=188
Parents should be eye tested; hemivertebrae  syringomyelia

                                                                TERRIER  -  FOX (WIRE)

                                                    
KC registrations: 1993=670; 94=737; 95=668; 96=616; 97=683; 98=670; 99=634; 2000=651; 01=598; 02=665; 03=593; 04=748
Parents should be eye tested syringomyelia
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights – California

**Abnormal dentition; atopy; cataract; deafness; dislocation of shoulder; distichiasis; entropion; oesophageal achalasia; glaucoma; goitre;  Legg-Perthes disease; lens luxation;   persistent right aortic arch; progressive retinal atrophy; pulmonic stenosis; spinal cord demyelination ( ataxia); tetralogy of fallot; Von Willebrand's disease.

                                                             TERRIER  - GLEN OF IMAAL
                                                  
KC registrations: 1993=47; 94=65; 95=71; 96=89; 97=77; 98=58; 99=77; 2000=48; 01=16; 02=48; 03=593; 04=43
No problems known to breeders

                                                                         TERRIER  -  IRISH
                        
KC registrations: 1993=156; 94=205; 95=222; 96=201; 97=162; 98=195; 99=243; 2000=258; 01=175; 02=198; 03=303; 04=227
No problems known to breeders.  X-linked muscular myopathy
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cystinuria; digital hyperkeratosis; muscular dystrophy; progressive retinal atrophy

                                                                  TERRIER -  JACK RUSSELL
                                               
Primary Lens Luxation
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Ataxia; Factor X deficiency; lens luxation; myasthenia gravis; Von Willebrands

                                                                 TERRIER  -  KERRY BLUE
                                                              
KC registrations: 1993=267; 94=241; 95=280; 96=218; 97=277; 98=291; 99=272; 2000=279; 01=318; 02=244; 03=283; 04=274
HD average 15
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Cataract; cerebellar and extrapyramidal abiotrophy; distichiasis; entropion; Factor XI deficiency; hair follicle tumours; hypothyroidism; keratitis sicca; keratoconjunctivitis sicca; narrow palpebral fissure; progressive retinal atrophy; thrombocytopaenia; ununited anconeal process; Von Willebrands  disease

                                                                   TERRIER  -  LAKELAND
                                                                       Anyone got a photo?
KC registrations: 1993=223; 94=270; 95=215; 96=314; 97=223; 98=281; 99=252; 2000=269; 01=213; 02=269; 03=213; 04=225
No problems known to breeders
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; cryptorchidism; distichiasis; hypothyroidism; lens luxation; persistent pupillary membrane; undershot jaw; ununited anconeal process; Von Willebrand's disease

                                                                       TERRIER - NORFOLK
                                            
KC registrations: 1993=454; 94=519; 95=531; 96=652; 97=541; 98=618; 99=587; 2000=590; 01=495; 02=494; 03=472; 04=543
No problems known to breeders
Dr. Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says:- This is a numerically small breed Eye problems - glaucoma occurs occasionally And can lead to blindness; sometimes it is secondary but problem occurs when it is primary and believed to be genetic but mode of inheritance uncertain. Lens luxation also rarely seen but painful and shown to be an autosomal recessive. Cataracts but mode of inheritance uncertain and age of onset variable. A relatively rare condition is optic nerve hypoplasia which can lead to blindness. Skeletal - hip dysplasia has been reported although no dog has been submitted to the BVA/KC scheme most date comes from abroad. Patella luxation mode of inheritance is polygenic. Liver disorders - Copper toxicosis rare but may be inherited by a simple autosomal recessive; in severe cases death. Portosystemic shunts caused by the malformation and misdirection of the blood vessels that are outside the liver and allow blood to bypass the liver. Other conditions - hypothyroidism where the dog'd own immune system damages and can destroy the thyroid gland; causes rough scaly skin and hair loss as well as weight gain. Mode of inheritance unclear but may be recessive but is more widespread than breeders realise. Immune reaction can lead to atopic dermatitis wth rough itchy skin and seemingly allergic to pollen, grass seed, fleas and other irritants. Heart disease where heart muscle is abnormal can cause sudden death. It can cause oedema of the lung lethargy and reluctance to exercise. Mitral valve disease is beginning to be seen. Megaoesophagus occasionally occurs (constriction of the oesophagus) About 5 weeks onwards affected puppies constantly regurgitate food; most have to be put down but some can survive although they are susceptible to inhalation pneumonia.

                                                                             TERRIER  - NORWICH
                      
KC registrations: 1993=154; 94=142; 95=114; 96=164; 97=184; 98=173; 99=162; 2000=165; 01=144; 02=153; 03=143; 04=124
Hips scoring - no Norwich Terriers have been scored
Malcom Willis (Geneticist) says:- lens luxation, breeders getting lens luxation should consider parents of affected pups as carriers and affected pups as homozygous for the problem and should act accordingly. Cataracts which are usually posterior polar and can occur 6 months onwards and lead to impaired vision - mode of inheritance uncertain. Primary glaucoma can lead to blindness - mode of inheritance uncertain. Musculoskeletal conditions - muscular cramping similar to Scottie cramp - dogs may be affected permanently or intermittently. Problems with walking and respiration thought to be due to inherited deficiency of hormone serotonin Might find Legg-Calve Perthe's disease. Terriers do not have many reported problems it might be because there are few problems or just no incentive to report any,
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Corneal dystrophy; hypothyroidism; lens luxation; Von Willebrands disease

                                                           TERRIER  -  PARSON RUSSELL
                                                      
KC registrations:  1993=359; 94=345; 95=450; 96=488; 97=564; 98=589; 99=550; 2000=571; 01=630; 02=673;03=969; 04=804
Parents should be eye tested

                                                 TERRIER  - RUSSIAN BLACK (Working Group)

KC registrations: 1993=0; 94=0; 95=0; 96=0; 97=0; 98=0; 99=37; 2000=35; 01=36; 02=69; 03=91; 04=136
No problem known to breeders as yet I would suggest parent dogs should be hip scored as I know dogs in the breed with bad hips

                                                                     TERRIER SEALYHAM
                                                 
KC registrations: 95=108; 96=111; 97=64; 98=48; 99=58; 00=48; 01=62; 2002=58; 03=60; 04=51
Parents should be eye tested. Puppies should be eye tested. Some deafness. Back problems
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**atopy; cataract; dermatitis atopic; glaucoma; hypothyroidism; lens luxation; persistent papillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; retinal dysplasia

                                                                           TERRIER  -  SKYE
KC registrations: 1993=118; 94=93; 95=79; 96=91; 97=75; 98=111; 99=84; 2000=65; 01=73; 02=59; 03=67; 04=50
Back problems
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Behavioural abnormalities; distichiasis; enlarged foramen magnum; epiphyseal dysplasia; hypoplasia of larynx; kinked tail; lens luxation; lymphocytic thyroiditis; myasthenia gravis; thyroiditis; ulcerative colitis? Von Willebrand's disease

                                                          TERRIER  -  SOFT-COATED WHEATEN
                                                    
KC registrations: 1993=206; 94=217; 95=239; 96=309; 97=288; 98=241; 99=318; 2000=260; 01=247; 02=277; 03=352; 04=287
HD average 13
Parents should be eye tested. Kidney problems
http://www.wheaten-health-initiative.co.uk/
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Addison's disease; allergies; atopy; cataract; dermatitis atopic; hypoadrenocorticism; hypothyroidism; intestinal malabsorption; optic nerve hypoplasia; persistent pupillary membrane; posterior retinal atrophy; progressive retinal atrophy; renal dysplasia; retinal dysplasia; Von Willebrand's disease'

                                                                          TERRIER  -  WELSH
                                                                        Has anyone got a photo?
KC registrations: 1993=329; 94=329; 95=277 ; 96=304; 97=268; 98=300; 99=311; 2000=263; 01=280; 02=270;03=319; 04=305
Some eye problems detected
Dr. Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says:- Only 2 inherited defects known Primary Glaucoma of unknown mode of inheritance and Lens Luxation which can be secondary (associated with glaucoma) or primary. In the latter is it possibly autosomal recessive trait. American studies list cataracts of unknown origin and PRA likely to be autosomal recessive trait and global in location. Hip status - none have been reported though the BVA/KC hip scheme since it started. Although it has been reported in other countries as has Legg Perthes disease (necrosis of the femoral head) and luxating patella (dislocation of the kneecap) Other problems - Megaosophagus can occur from 5 weeks of age (failure to swallow leading to regurgitation of food) most die or are PTS but some do survive for a few years although willo often die from inhalation pneumonia. Cryptorchidism (undescended testicles) mouth problems (overshot jaws) genetic based. Some defects may not be reported due to reluctance of breeders to do so but that does not mean to say that they are being eliminated.

** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California
**Cataract; glaucoma, hypothyroidism; lens luxation; Von Willebrand's disease

                                                             TERRIER  - YORKSHIRE
                                                   
KC registrations: 1993= 13041; 94=12343; 95=11941; 96=10850; 97=9700; 98=8818; 99=7339; 2000=6787; 01=5069; 02=4222; 03-4073; 04=3877
Eye problem under investigation.  Rare cases of slipping patella and  Legge Perthes disease
Dr. Malcolm Willis(Geneticist) :- Legge Perthes disease also affects hip joint but is atype of necrosis of femoral head and neck, thus leading to lameness; possibly it is polygenic inheritance as is luxation of patella/kneecap.  Cataracts, entropion(inturned eyelids).  PRA (progressive retinal atrophy) reported occasionally possibly  an aotosomal recessive.  Epilepsy cause may include primary or idiopathic epilepsy.  Hydrocephalus.  Anasarca (recessive trait) rare condition.  Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).  Atrial septal defect involving right ventricle failure.  Cancer histiocytosis (systemic and malignant) disease is of polygenic inheritance.  Hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism which can lead to skin problems. Colour dilution alopaecia. Dermoid sinus (recessive).  Ectopic ureter which is failure of ureter to be properly attached to bladder causes urine dribbling. Fanconis syndrome causes excess urine and dysfunction of renal system.  Renal failure/renal dysplasia.  Kidney or bladder stones usually triple phosphate. Diabetew Mellitus.  Portosystemic shunt. Herniae umbilical and inguinal former inherited  in a polygenic way.  Cryptorchidism – bilateral dogs are sterile; unilaterally affected dogs will have reduced fertility (69%) and reduced libido (33%) and are best avoided in breeding programmes
** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California

**Cataract; Cushing's disease (hyperadrenocorticism); demodicosis; distichiasis; entropion; hepatic portosystemic shunt or arterio venus fistula; hydrocephalus;  hypoplasia of Dens; hypothyroidism; keratitis sicca; keratoconjunctivitis sicca; Legg-Perthes disease; patellar luxation; persistent pupillary membrane; progressive retinal atrophy; retinal detachment; retinal dysplasia; seborrhoea; Von Willebrand's disease

                                                                              WEIMARANER

KC registrations: 1993=1609; 94=2046; 95=2293; 96=2478; 97=2494; 98=2743; 99=2402; 2000=2694; 01=2505; 02=2472; 03=2978; 04=2841
HD average 13
Malcolm Willis (Geneticist) says the following have been reported in the breed but should not be misconstrued and one should not believe a breed is riddled with problems:- EYES: eyelid/eyelash disorders including entropion, ectropion and distichiasis believed inherited but mode of inheritance not established. Cataracts of unknown inheritance with progressive retinal atrophy but probale recessive trait  but not yet established in the DNA.  Corneal dystrophy but genetics unclear as it is for dermoid cysts on cornea but these may be autosomal recessive.  SKELETAL: hip dysplasia but getting better; craniomandibular osteopathy – recessive trait. Two kinds of dwarfism – pituitary which is recessive (cyst develops on brain) and an immunodeficiency problem about 4 weeks of  age but mode of inheritance vague.  Patellar luxation; ununited anconeal process in elbow; spina bifida; Wobbler syndrome/cervical spondylosis cause polygenic; hypertrophic osteodystrophy symptoms include fever, lethargy, lameness, depression, loss of appetite – xrays show sections of dead bone in affected joints might be caused by mineral imbalance in diet like excessive calcium but an inherited caused cannot be ruled out. HEART: Persistent right aortic arch can cause vomiting early on possibly polygenic; haemophilia A recessive sex-linked trait Factor VIII clotting is affected. Factor XI deficiency which leads to intense bleeding after trauma. REPRODUCTIVE: Cryptorchidism (should not be bred from); Pseudo and true hermaphrodites rare in most breeds but more common in Weimaraners and Cocker Spaniels. OTHER CONDITIONS: Torsion; Histiocytosis (skin cancer); Mastosarcoma; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a dominant trait inheritance unclear; Epilepsy (Canine Epilepsy Support Group – Mrs. Anne Morley, Helpline 08707 469 329); Myopathy –abnormal gait and may bunny hop - thought to be x-linked recessive rare in females; Syringomyella thought to be inherited as a dominant but is rare; Hypothyroidism; Umbilical hernias; Primary glomerulopathy (primary renal failure an uraemia symptoms lethargy, halitosis, weight loss, reduced appetite eventally renal failure, usually seen before 2 yrs of age, mode of inheritance unclear.** = Guide to Hereditary and Congenital Diseases in Dogs – The Assoc. of Veterinarians for Animal Rights - California**Bloat; cell-mediated immuno deficiency; colour mutant alopaecia; corneal dystrophy; distichiasis; entropion; eosinophilic panosteitis; eversion of nictitating membrane; Factor VIII deficiency/ Haemophilia A;  gastric torsion; granulomatous sebaceous adenitis; hairlessness; Haemophilia A; hip dysplasia; hypertrophic osteo dystrophy; hypomyelinogenesis; hyposomatotropism; hypothyroidism; immunoglobulin A deficiency; immunoglobulin G deficiency; immunoglobulin M deficiency; mastocytoma; myasthenia gravis; progressive retinal atrophy; sebaceous adenitis; spinal dysraphism; sterile pyogranuloma syndrome; syringomyelia; thymic atrophy; umbilical hernia; undershot jaw; vasculitis.    

The Working Weimaraner
- Our Dogs 5/8/05 anon
Weimaraners come with a health warning!  This is one of the most difficult gun dog breeds you can get, and most people fail with them as a result.  They're not well understood and they have certain characteristics which make them particularly unsuited to the British desire to reduce everything down to a series of little tests.
Now we have your attention, let's explain. The Weimaraner comes pre-programmed with a directive to put food on the table and get rid of vermin. It is utterly determined and 100% fixated on game. It has an exceptional nose.  It is also massively intelligent (or should be, we have tended to try to breed this out in this country), gets bored very easily and will pay absolutely no heed to you whatsoever until you have proved yourself worthy of its work.  It does not respond well to the way we produce gundogs in the UK, basically a set of "do this" instructions, because it needs to put those instructions in the context of its work.  It is certainly an affectionate breed, but it uses your need for its affection to get its own way.
That's the downside. The upside is this - get it right and the Weimaraner will leave most gundog breeds standing when it comes to game finding, game treatment, and production, resilience, speed, energy, and hunting.  It will hunt across a moor all day without flagging, adopting a pace similar to the Desert Arab's triple, and it has an uncanny ability to find game, partly because it is brainy and learns exponentially, partly because it adapts its methods and pace to suit scenting conditions and partly because it has to find.  Like all HPRs its retrieving instincts take a back seat to its hunting but once this skill has been developed, it makes a class pick-up dog with a good soft mouth and a strong desire to put game in the bag.  It's fine in the beating line, although it can be competitive and because the line is usually working with the wind behind, the dog will want to go forward to bring the ground back, not always what the keeper needs.  It's splendid to shoot over and if, for example, you're after wild pheasant on a grouse moor, once it knows you don't want to take grouse, it will only produce pheasant.  It's excellent at deer work (do teach it to be steady to deer because deer are in its in-built list of quarry species) and hawking.  The one things that it is not htat good at is wild fowling and this is only because it is too thin coated for the conditions.
So, if it's that good, why hasn't every shoot got one? And why does the breed only have 2 field trial Champions (2005) Go back to the health warning.  This breed takes at least 2-3 years to produce and the path from a 6 week old puppy to fiel trial standard adult is at its best, rocky.  Then there's the fact that we don't have the knowledge base in the UK to help people bring their dogs on properly.  Plus like all HPRs the Weimaraner needs to run ground and be worked on game to develop and this puts particular demands on people's time, facilities, dedication, and knowledge. Plus the Weimaraner is not that well known as a working gundog in the UK, ironic when you consider it was first brought into this country for just that purpose.  And frankly, it's distinctive and showy and until gamekeepers have seen its exceptional work they tend not to trust something that looks so different from everything else.
I have worked a team of Weimaraners and Labs  for several decades and although the Weims are extremely demanding, I can't recommend them highly enough.  But if you want to work one, throw away your social calendar you won't have time for that!

Long-haired Weimaraner (hardly ever docked now but on the KC list of docked breeds as formerly just the tip was docked)
                                                          
distichiasis -  other health problems associated with the short-haired Weimaraner
Janet Drewery - Our Dogs 8/05 :-'I am not sure what the attraction is, whether it's their natural aptitude for work, their effortless gait, the way the sun catches their coats or just their downish looks, it just gives them that edge for me.  I have owned 7 long-haired Weimaraners over 4 generations all of which have been natural hunters and swimmers, facing all types of cover and terrain in the worst type of weathers, struggling only in extreme heat.  Over the years of viewing mixed haired litters, I have never observed one where the different coats were apparent before 3 days as long-haired pups are stripy too.  The first obvious difference being the way the coat lies, often easier under infra red light.  Regarding their development it is often the long-haired pups which are first to gain their independence and successfully escape the whelping box    Initially they seem to grow at a more rapid rate than their short-haired litter siblings (ADA - possibly as the long-haired are not currently being docked!)yet are a lot slower maturing both mentally and physically not getting their full coat until 2-3 years old.  Grooming of the coat is minimal as it has a silky texture most grass seed and thorn will fall out as the coat dries.  The only trimming required is between their toes and around their paws.  They moult twice a year often leaving a dark eel stripe down their backs, the bitch loses most of her coat after havinga litter of  pups.  The long-hairs natural working ability is their forte.  Observing the head carriage of long hairs I find they have a more hound like attitude not normally carrying it as high and therefore not appearing quite so "flashy" whilst working.  As for breeding long to short, the only certainty is long to long produces long.  I have never known of that combination producing either a mixed or short haired litter.

 Always see mother with pups.  Ensure facilities are clean.  See parents' hereditary screening certificates.  Visit between choosing and collecting puppy.  Ensure puppies are well socialised.  Request a written agreement that purchase is subject to satisfactory  exam. by your Vet.  If possible sign a contract of terms before purchasing.  Puppy buying comes under the legal heading of “Sale of Goods Act”  in England.

Other dog sites to try:-
"Searchforpets"; http://www.searchy.co.uk ; http://www.searchy.co.uk http://www.champdogs.co.uk ; http://www.champdogs.co.uk ; http://www.dogclub.co.uk ;        http://www.k9media.nrt/breederv3 ; http://www.thedoghows.com ; http://www.thedoghows.com   http://pedigreedogs.co.uk ; http://pedigreedogs.co.uk ; http://www.puppy.co.uk http://www.puppy.co.uk ; http://www.petplan.co.uk ; http://www.fish4breeders.com or mailto:info@puppies.co.uk ; info@puppies.co.uk ; http://www.pet-locator.co.uk/html/link.html http://www.findapup.co.uk ;    http://www.epupz.co.uk      http://www.epupz.co.uk ; http://www.puppydogweb.com

ADA takes absolutely no responsibility for any information given on these sites. Buyer beware and do your puppy buying checks. Also try the Kennel Club's accredited breeders' list as there may be a breeder who has stated that they do not dock - it also makes a point to the Kennel Club for not automatically asking this question of all their breeders! Dr. Jeff Sampson (Geneticist) runs the ABList jsampson@the-kennel-club.org.uk  As a general rule, the Kennel Club give no help at all to people wanting to buy undocked puppies!



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